By E. M. Eisenstein (auth.), Edward M. Eisenstein (eds.)
This quantity had its inception at a symposium entitled Aneura1 Organisms: Their importance for Neurobiology held on the wintry weather convention on mind study in Vail, Colorado, in January, 1972. the unique individuals have been Drs. Epstein, Hamilton, Kung, wooden and myself. besides the fact that, on the grounds that that point numerous different authors (Drs. Applewhite, Chen, Diehn and Ettienne) have been requested to contri bute papers and all have been requested to replace their displays so that it will current a vast point of view as to the position and importance of aneura1 structures for investigating neurobiological difficulties. This quantity is the results of that attempt. I desire to thank Dr. Claude F. Baxter, this system chairman of the wintry weather convention, and his employees for his or her support, in addition to the members for his or her efforts. nice appreciation is due Mrs. Sharon Loomis for her first-class paintings in getting ready the manuscript for booklet. it's our desire that this quantity will display the usefulness and merits in exploiting aneura1 structures for the insights they might yield in answering a few of the primary neurobiological questions dealing with us. E.M. Eisenstein v Contents Aneural platforms and Neurobiology: some extent of View . • . 1 E.M. Eisenstein (Introduction) Protozoa as types of Stimulus Transduction five David C. wooden Genetic Dissection - An method of Neurobiology 25 Ching Kung Cybernetics and the habit of Microorganisms forty-one Bodo Diehn keep an eye on of Ciliary task in Aneural Organisms fifty nine Miles Epstein Membrane power and behaviour: idea of a version method • . . . . . . . .
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Extra resources for Aneural Organisms in Neurobiology
19, 403-47l. W. and Adler, J. 1974. Negative chemotaxis in Escherichia coli. 1.. , ll8, 560-576. CYBERNETICS AND THE BEHAVIOR OF MICROORGANISMS Bodo Diehn Department of Chemistry The University of Toledo Toledo, Ohio 43606 INTRODUCTION The most obvious advantage of studying sensory phenomena in unicellular rather than in higher organisms is, of course, the fact that the processes involved in sensory transduction are much less complex, and thus presumably more easily understood, in the former.
We first mutagenized populations of Paramecia with N-methyl-N'nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and then induced autogamy in them by moderate starvation. After a few exautogamous fissions (a period known as the phenomic lag), the expanded populations were screened for behavioral mutants. In some cases, a selection procedure was devised to obtain fractions greatly enriched with the mutants desired. The mutants selected were then studied behaviorally (Kung, 1971a; Chang and Kung, 1973a), genetically (Kung, 1971b; Chang and Kung, 1973b) and electrophysiologically (Kung and Eckert, 1972; Satow and Kung, 1974; Satow, Chang and Kung, 1974).
The sensory chain starts with the photoreceptor, whose output is modulated by the shading action of the stigma. The photoreceptor signal is then converted in the processor to a command which acts on an effector such as to cause reorientation of the flagellum. A source of energy for the system also will have to be incorporated in the scheme. This requirement arises from the results of our studies of the effects on photo-accumulation of substances that affect biological energy transduction. In this work we demonstrated that flagellar motion requires the products of oxidative phosphorylation, while a functioning photosystem II of photosynthesis, more specifically non-cyclic photophosphorylation, is required for photo-accumulation and hence, for the inverse photophobic response to occur (Diehn and Tollin, 1967).
Aneural Organisms in Neurobiology by E. M. Eisenstein (auth.), Edward M. Eisenstein (eds.)