By Steen Folke, Henrik Nielsen (eds.)
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Additional info for Aid Impact and Poverty Reduction
Ii) Redirecting aid to the poor. The second part was, however, largely subordinated to the first because it was believed by the dominant aid donors through the decade of the 1980s that the right policies would stimulate growth that in turn would alleviate poverty. In order to get policies right aid was increasingly offered on conditional terms that policy reforms, on lines suggested by the donors, would be put in place in the respective DCs (Singh, 2004). This agenda for policy reform was, in turn, heavily influenced by the ideological input emanating from the Reagan and Thatcher administrations that in the 1980s underwrote the so-called Washington Consensus.
The rural poor, therefore, interface with the dynamic sectors of the economy only as producers and wage earners, at the lowest end of the production and marketing chain, where they sell their produce and labor under severely adverse conditions. This leaves the rural poor with little scope for sharing in the opportunities provided by the market economy for value addition to their labor. RETHINKING AID STRATEGIES 41 Unequal Access to Human Development Low productivity remains an important cause of income poverty.
In particular we have outlined approaches to impact assessment and more thorough impact studies that focus on the complex societal development processes engendered by any development intervention. It is important that researchers, NGOs, and development practitioners with a critical mind continue to challenge the conventional wisdom and the powerful vested interests to which it is linked. Having said this, we think that different approaches can produce different and complementary insights. We very much agree with Mosse that producing a readymade methodology for these kinds of studies inevitably will be futile, as such a methodology will be unable to unravel the contextuality of any given development project or program.
Aid Impact and Poverty Reduction by Steen Folke, Henrik Nielsen (eds.)