By Deborah Todd, Joseph A. Angelo
This reference for basic readers and scholars in highschool and up compiles biographies of approximately a hundred thirty scientists in house and astronomy, from antiquity to the current. every one access offers delivery and loss of life dates and knowledge on fields of specialization, and examines the scientist's paintings and contributions to the sphere, in addition to kin and academic history. approximately 50 b&w pictures are incorporated. Entries are listed by means of box, nation of start, and kingdom of clinical task, and chronologically. Todd is a contract author. Angelo is a retired lieutenant colonel with the U.S. Air strength.
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Additional resources for A to Z of Scientists in Space and Astronomy (2005)(en)(336s)
The first section is an introduction to some of the mathematics in the document. 1416. The remainder of the text focuses on the heavens. Aryabhata’s astronomy is one of many firsts. He is the first to describe the Earth as a sphere, and as a planet that rotates about its axis. It is this rotation, he explains, that makes the night sky appear to move above us. His work also looks at the relationships between the Sun, the Earth, and the Moon. He is the first to compute the ratio between lunar orbits and rotations of the Earth, and also to calculate the length of the solar orbit.
Ambartsumian served as a member of the faculty at the University of Leningrad from 1931 to 1943, and was elected to the Soviet Academy of Sciences in 1939. During World War II, drawn by his heritage he returned to Armenia (then a republic within the Soviet Union). In 1943 he held a teaching position at Yerevan State University, in the capital city of the Republic of Armenia. That year he also became a member of the Armenian Academy of Sciences. In 1946 he organized the development and construction of the Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory.
His brilliant hunch was “ions”—that is, electrolytes that when dissolved in water split or dissociate into electrically opposite positive and negative ions. In 1884 he presented this scientific breakthrough in his thesis, “Recherches sur la conductibilité galvanique des électrolytes” (“Investigations on the galvanic conductivity of electrolytes”). But, the revolutionary nature of Arrhenius’s ionic theory simply overwhelmed the orthodox thinkers on the doctoral committee at the University of Uppsala.
A to Z of Scientists in Space and Astronomy (2005)(en)(336s) by Deborah Todd, Joseph A. Angelo