By Anthony Kenny
This booklet is not any under a consultant to the total of Western philosophy -- the information that experience undergirded our civilization for two-and-a-half thousand years. Anthony Kenny tells the tale of philosophy from old Greece during the center a while and the Enlightenment into the fashionable international. He introduces us to the good thinkers and their rules, beginning with Plato, Aristotle, and the opposite founders of Western suggestion. within the moment a part of the e-book he's taking us via one thousand yearsof medieval philosophy, and indicates us the wealthy highbrow legacy of Christian thinkers like Augustine, Aquinas, and Ockham. stepping into the early smooth interval, we discover the nice works of Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, Leibniz, Spinoza, Hume, and Kant, which stay crucial analyzing this present day. In thenineteenth and 20th centuries, Hegel, Mill, Nietzsche, Freud, and Wittgenstein back remodeled the way in which we see the realm. operating although the e-book are yes issues which were consistent issues of philosophy considering its early beginnings: the basic questions of what exists and the way we will be able to find out about it; the character of humanity, the brain, fact, and that means; where of God within the universe; how we should always stay and the way society might be ordered. Anthony Kenny strains the improvement of those issues during the centuries: we see how the questions requested and solutions provided by way of the good philosophers of the pastremain vividly alive today.Anyone drawn to rules and their historical past will locate this a desirable and stimulating learn
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Additional info for A New History of Western Philosophy
Like Xenophanes, he was highly critical of popular religion: oVering blood sacriWce to purge oneself of blood guilt was like trying to wash oV mud with mud. Praying to statues was like whispering in an empty house, and phallic processions and Dionysiac rites were simply disgusting (KRS 241, 243). Again like Xenophanes, Heraclitus believed that the sun was new every day (Aristotle, Mete. 2. 2355b13–14), and, like Anaximander, he thought the sun was constrained by a cosmic principle of reparation (KRS 226).
4). Melissus expounded the philosophy of Parmenides’ poem in plain prose, arguing that the universe was unlimited, unchangeable, immovable, indivisible, and homogeneous. He was remembered for drawing two consequences from this monistic view: (1) pain was unreal, because it implied (impossibly) a deWciency of being; 10 A detailed examination of Parmenides’ ontology will be found in Ch. 6 below. 11 The 19th-century philosopher Gottlob Frege used the example to introduce his celebrated distinction between sense and reference.
22). The nineteenth-century German idealist Hegel, who was a great admirer of Heraclitus, used the same marine metaphor to express an opposite judgement. 4 See Ch. 9 below. 16 PYTHAGORAS TO PLATO When we reach Heraclitus after the Xuctuating speculations of the earlier Presocratics, Hegel wrote, we come at last in sight of land. ’5 Heraclitus, like Descartes and Kant in later ages, saw himself as making a completely new start in philosophy. L. 9. 1). But, again like Descartes and Kant, Heraclitus was more inXuenced by his predecessors than he realized.
A New History of Western Philosophy by Anthony Kenny