By Nicholas Rescher
Nicholas Rescher offers the 1st complete chronology of philosophical anecdotes, spanning from antiquity to the present period. He introduces us to the key thinkers, texts, and ancient classes of Western philosophy, recounting a number of the tales philosophers have used over the years to have interaction with problems with philosophical predicament: questions of which means, fact, wisdom, price, motion, and ethics.
Rescher’s anecdotes contact on a variety of themes—from common sense to epistemology, ethics to metaphysics—and supply a lot perception into the breadth and intensity of philosophical inquiry. This ebook illustrates a few of the methods philosophers all through heritage have considered the problems of their box, and the way anecdotes can paintings to notify and inspire philosophical idea.
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Extra info for A Journey through Philosophy in 101 Anecdotes
Then of course we cannot properly claim that X knows that p. For the sake of specificity, let it be that X is convinced that Jones is in Korea but only because he (erroneously) believes him to be in South Korea (whereas he is actually in North Korea). Plato, Theaetetus, in Plato’s Theory of Knowledge: The Theaetetus and Sophist of Plato, trans. F. M. Cornford (London: Routledge, 1935), 202C–E. 45 nichol as rescher (because Jones indeed is in Korea) and believed by X on the basis of a cogent rationale (namely, his—mistaken—belief that Jones is in South Korea).
On such a doctrinal approach it is not Newton’s fallen apple but the Law of Gravity that always obeys, along with everything anywhere, that yields us insight into the nature of the real. This line of thought runs straight through the history of scientific philosophizing down to the present day. One of its most pointed articulations is the oft-cited dictum of the English physicist Lord THE GREEK PHILOSOPHER PY THAGORAS 1. Aristotle, Metaphysics, 1090a, 20–25. ”2 The idea that only what is quantified can count as real knowledge of reality has been astir from philosophy’s earliest days.
The pivotal idea here is that differently situated viewers will see things from their own point of view. The idea was further elaborated by Xenophanes’s younger countryman Protagoras (ca. 490– ca. ” Xenophanes’s perspective turned the biblical account of the man-God relationship on its head. For where the Bible says that God created man in His own image, Xenophanes in effect tells us that man conceived of God in his own image. Somewhat frustratingly, Xenophanes failed to tell us just what we are to make of his venture into speculation.
A Journey through Philosophy in 101 Anecdotes by Nicholas Rescher