By Lois N. Magner
Stressing significant subject matters within the historical past of medication, this moment variation explores the occasions, methodologies, and theories that formed clinical practices in a long time previous and in glossy medical perform. It highlights practices of civilizations worldwide and study of pioneering scientists and physicians who contributed to our present knowing of healthiness and illness. New sections hide preventive and replacement drugs, scientific schooling for girls, miasma and contagion theories, the specter of epidemic sickness, altering styles of morbidity and mortality, public well-being and sanitary reforms, the excessive expense of remedy, illnesses of affluence and getting older, and the emergence of latest ailments.
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Additional resources for A History of Medicine, Second Edition
Ubelaker, D. H. (1999). Human Skeletal Remains: Excavation, Analysis, Interpretation, 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Taraxacum. Waldron, T. (1994). Counting the Dead: The Epidemiology of Skeletal Populations. New York: John Wiley and Sons. 2 Ì Medicine in Ancient Civilizations: Mesopotamia and Egypt INTRODUCTION The Greeks thought it easy to deﬁne ‘‘civilization’’: it referred to the qualities of citizens—free men living in cities. Today the concept is regarded as more complex, subtle, and problematic.
Egyptologists had previously explored many tombs in the Valley of the Kings near Luxor, but most had been thoroughly plundered by grave robbers over the centuries. Interest in Egyptian antiquities, as well as legends of a ‘‘Pharaoh’s Curse,’’ were revived by the remarkable ﬁndings in the tomb and the deaths of 12 of the archaeologists present at the opening of the tomb during the next seven years. The tomb contained hundreds of precious objects, including the Pharaoh’s mummy, in a gold cofﬁn, nested within two outer cofﬁns.
Imhotep’s career as a healer can be divided into three phases: ﬁrst, as a physician in the court of Zoser; second, as a medical demigod (ca. ); and third, as a major deity (ca. –550). When Imhotep died, the sick ﬂocked to the temple that had been built over his grave. The cult of Imhotep eventually spread from Memphis throughout Egypt and Nubia. Excavations of the temples of Imhotep suggest that ‘‘temple sleep,’’ or therapeutic incubation, so closely associated with the Greeks, was really of Egyptian origin.
A History of Medicine, Second Edition by Lois N. Magner